What payments are due during maternity leave?

Important amendments have been made to the receipt of maternity benefits. In Russia, maternity leave is officially paid for - payments ensure the well-being of the child and mother. Funds are needed to prepare for childbirth, for medical procedures, and food.

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Who can receive maternity benefits

A one-time maternity benefit is provided to employed pregnant women. Unemployed persons do not receive subsidies. An exception is the unemployed who received status due to the liquidation of the company. The family is paid financial assistance until the child is 1.5 years old.

Working mothers at 30-31 weeks of pregnancy must take sick leave. The completed form with stamps must be handed over to the employer. The accounting department will calculate benefits for the period of absence from work.

The one-time payment corresponds to the woman’s income in 100% equivalent. The duration of maternity leave is 140 days. The period is conventionally divided into 2 parts: 70 prenatal days and 70 after the birth of the baby.

Maternity pay is paid to mothers:

  • those who work and pay insurance premiums;
  • in military service;
  • employed in the internal affairs bodies;
  • undergoing full-time studies at a university;
  • having the status of a private entrepreneur participating in the VSS, FSS.

If a woman was fired due to the liquidation of an enterprise, she is given maternity leave for a year. A civilian stationed in a military unit outside the federation is also entitled to maternity leave. If a Russian woman adopts a newborn, according to the law she claims a payment. The funds are allocated by the company where the mother works at the time of signing the adoption papers.

Types of maternity payments

There are 4 types of maternity benefits. During pregnancy and after the birth of a child, fixed financial assistance is paid - 16,440 rubles. It is paid by the company where the woman works.

The second type of accrual is for pregnancy and childbirth: it is necessary to issue a sick leave certificate. It indicates the number of days of incapacity for work.

The third type of subsidy is for the care of a newborn. They are accrued monthly until the child turns 1.5 years old. Mothers are entitled to a bonus if they are registered early at the hospital. The amount is 614 rubles.

To receive payments from your employer you will need to collect the following documents:

  1. Doctor's conclusion about the woman's incapacity for work. She completes the paperwork at 30 weeks of pregnancy.
  2. Written statement. It indicates the purpose of financial assistance.
  3. Certificate of registration of the mother with the employment service. The document is required if a person has been dismissed from a company subject to liquidation.
  4. Details of the card, current account where the money will be sent.

If the company does not have the funds to pay the pregnant woman, the insurance service takes over the responsibilities.

Changes in the calculation of maternity benefits in 2020

Starting from 2020, the calculation period for maternity leave will change. The accountant calculates the benefit from the average income for the 24 months before the start of the vacation. This year, the average salary was determined taking into account payments for the previous 2 years. In the new year 2020, subsidies will be calculated from payments in 2018 and 2019.

Estimated time is determined in a special manner when wages are below the minimum value: the fact that the company employee did not hold any position for a two-year period is also taken into account.

From January, the minimum wage will approach 12,130 thousand rubles, so there will be an increase in the average wage taken into account when calculating benefits. The minimum average salary should be almost 400 rubles in 2020. The minimum maternity payment will be 55.8 thousand rubles for 140 days of vacation.

At the legislative level, a new maximum amount of financial assistance under maternity leave was adopted. The maximum income for benefits will be 2.3 thousand rubles. The maximum payment amount will reach 322 thousand rubles.

Documents for granting maternity leave and calculating benefits

A pregnant employee, going on maternity leave, provides her boss with a minimum set of documents. The following is required: an application, a sheet issued by a doctor. If additional information is required, the accounting department must communicate the new requirements.

Based on the documentation provided, draws up an order for granting leave. The accountant calculates the amount of financial assistance, and the company pays it to the employee.

The first thing an accountant does is check the employee’s length of service. If the duration of work is less than 6 months, the payment is calculated based on the minimum wage in the country. If the length of service is more than six months, the average daily earnings are calculated using a standard formula.

The maternity benefit is equal to the amount of wages for 2 years, divided by the billing period and multiplied by the number of days of maternity leave. Income in 2018 should not exceed 815 thousand rubles, and in 2019 – 865 thousand rubles.

Duration of the billing period

The standard formula uses a value of 730, which is two calendar years. If an employee has had periods without contributions to the insurance service for 2 years, they are automatically deducted from the calculation. Example: a Russian woman carrying a child took leave in 2018 to care for the baby. If the duration of care is several months, they are excluded from the calculation.

Representatives of the Ministry of Labor noted that maternity leave amounts will be increased in 2020. Benefits will increase by 7-8%. Small changes will have a positive impact on the lives of families. January will bring an increase in material payments by 2 thousand rubles. The maximum payments will affect women with an income of 750 thousand rubles for 12 months. They will receive 4 thousand rubles. more subsidies.

The duration of the vacation will not change and will be 140 days. The rest period does not depend on the employee’s income. The minimum figure will reach 60.4 thousand rubles. It is planned to increase payments for persons who have adopted newborns. Unemployed persons will receive increased assistance from the state for childbirth, upbringing and child care. The billing period remains unchanged for now.

Maternity payments to unemployed people

The legislation provides for maternity payments for several categories of unemployed. Amounts are awarded to pregnant full-time students. Russian women receiving secondary, higher and vocational education receive minimum payments.

The amount of benefits for the unemployed is calculated based on the general rate - 300 rubles. The amount is indexed to the inflation rate. If we take into account all the coefficients, the subsidy is 628 rubles.

Female students receive payments based on the amount of the scholarship established by the university. The benefit increases by the coefficients in force in the student’s region of residence.

An unemployed woman in labor must contact the social security authorities at her place of residence to obtain financial assistance. Students should contact the accounting office at the university. To receive maternity leave, the unemployed must:

  • make an application;
  • provide sick leave;
  • make a duplicate of an extract from the work book from your last place of work;
  • obtain a certificate from the tax service if the company has been liquidated.

For the unemployed, a document from the Employment Center is required confirming the status of an unemployed person. Female students will have to take a certificate from the institute confirming completion of full-time studies. Social protection authorities and educational institutions make a decision on issuing or refusing benefits within 10 days after submitting the documentation.

An example of calculating maternity benefits for the first, second, third child

Calculation of payments for the first, second child and subsequent children is carried out using the standard method. First you need to calculate your daily earnings: the entire salary for 2 years is summed up and divided by the number of working days.

The resulting value is multiplied by the days of maternity leave. Usually there are 140, but in case of complications they increase to 156 days. A similar algorithm applies to all subsequent children.

If the mother had a salary of 470-530 thousand rubles for 2 years, it is divided by 730. The resulting amount is multiplied by 140. The woman will receive 191,780 thousand rubles for the child. Accounting calculates benefits for all newborns based on the minimum wage.

If an employee goes on maternity leave for 140 days, payments for 2 years are included in the calculation. One year she earned 135 thousand rubles, the second she did not work. There was also the fact of illness - 10 days. The mother's average wage is less than the established minimum.

From 370 days, a period of 10 days is subtracted, then 135 thousand rubles are divided into 360 days. The average income is a little more than 187 rubles, but it is less than the minimum average - 398 rubles. The benefit is calculated from the so-called minimum wage. The minimum bet is 398 rubles multiplied by 140 days. The amount to be paid will exceed 55.8 thousand rubles.

It is easier to calculate the amount of maternity leave in an online calculator. Initial data:

  1. Vacation period.
  2. Billing period.
  3. Months or days excluded from the general period.
  4. Income for each month.
  5. Regional coefficient.

The formula also indicates full-time or part-time employment: it is necessary to note what payment will be accrued - for 1,2 or 3 children. With the birth of 2-3 children, the family expects additional payments.

Bottom line

The birth of a child is accompanied by red tape with documents and government payments. Women register to receive financial assistance and submit documents at their place of work.

Maternity payments


  • 1 Registration procedure
  • 2 Calculation formula
  • 3 Additional payments

Read also: Non-solemn registration of marriage: at the registry office, how it goes, through government services

According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, almost every woman preparing for motherhood has the right to maternity payments.

In 2020, the principle of calculating financial benefits will change significantly, since as of January 1, bills will come into force expanding the range of families eligible to receive benefits.

At the same time, the minimum and maximum limits on the amount of vacation compensation will be significantly increased. Each expectant mother can independently calculate the amount of maternity benefits, which consists of several payments.

Registration procedure

In order to go on maternity leave and receive severance pay, a woman expecting a child must provide a certificate of incapacity for work. Sick leave is issued at the antenatal clinic where the expectant mother is observed and officially registered. The dates for going on maternity leave are determined by law:

  • from 30 weeks - with a singleton pregnancy;
  • from 28 weeks - if a woman is expecting two or more children.

The certificate of incapacity for work must be submitted to the personnel department of the enterprise. There, the employee will be asked to fill out an application requesting maternity leave and payment of benefits. The application is written addressed to the head of the organization.

As a rule, a pregnant woman still has one more document in her hands - a certificate of early registration. It is given out in consultation to women who come to the clinic within 12 weeks. The certificate must be submitted along with the sick leave for employment and labor to the personnel service.

Within 10 calendar days from the date of application, the accountant will accrue benefits. Payment is made on the next payday.

If a woman is officially employed part-time in addition to her main job, she is entitled to maternity benefits for each workplace. In this case, part-time work must be confirmed by an employment contract, and the employer must pay insurance premiums.

Calculation formula

The term “maternity leave” is not defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation and is not used in any current regulatory legal act, but the word has become firmly entrenched in the Russian lexicon. Essentially, maternity leave is a period of temporary absence from work on a certificate of incapacity for work.

Sick leave for pregnancy and childbirth (B&P) is provided for seventy days before the expected day of birth and for the same time after the birth of the child. If any complications arise during childbirth or after them, sick leave is extended to 156 days.

If a woman expects double happiness in the form of a multiple pregnancy, sick leave is issued for 194 calendar days.

The amount of maternity payments depends on the duration of sick leave and the salary of the expectant mother. For working women, payments are 100% of average earnings. You can calculate how much maternity leave will be paid using the formula:

Benefit = Total income for the previous two years / 730 * number of sick days

At the same time, the state has established the minimum and maximum limits for the amount of benefits:

Duration of sick leave for pregnancy and childbirth, days Maternity benefit, rub. Maximum Minimum 140 301 096 51 919 156 335 507 57 853 194 417 233 71 944

The given values ​​are relevant for employed women going on maternity leave in 2019. Maternity benefits are expected to increase slightly in 2020, following an increase in the minimum wage.

According to preliminary information, the government plans to increase the minimum wage by 2.9%. Instead of the 11,280 rubles established for 2019, in 2020 the minimum wage will be 11,607 rubles. It is this amount that will be the basis for calculating the minimum maternity benefits in 2020.

Taking into account the increase, the minimum values ​​of maternity benefits in 2020 will be approximately as follows:

  • RUB 53,424 for 140 days;
  • RUB 59,530 for 156 days;
  • 74,030 rub. for 194 d.

It is important to know that the current minimum wage is taken as the average monthly salary of an employee when calculating the BiR benefit in the following cases:

  • the woman has less than six months of work experience;
  • there is no way to confirm income for the last 24 months;
  • the employer did not transfer insurance premiums for the employee;
  • the amount of remuneration turned out to be less than the minimum wage (part-time, maternity leave with another child).

The maximum that a pregnant woman can count on is limited to the amount of average earnings subject to social insurance contributions in the event of temporary disability and in connection with maternity. When calculating maternity benefits in 2020, income for the two previous years will be taken into account. The maximum values ​​of the base for calculating insurance premiums are as follows:

  • 2018 - 815,000 rubles;
  • 2019 — RUB 865,000.

Income above these amounts will not be accepted for calculation, since social security contributions from them are no longer calculated.

There is no income tax on maternity benefits.

Additional payments

As part of the national project “Demography”, state financial support for families at the birth of children becomes more tangible every year. So, in addition to monetary compensation for sick leave for the birth of a child, other benefits are paid:

  • payment for early consultation - 628.47 rubles;
  • for birth (paid once) - 17,479.73 rubles;
  • care allowance for up to 3 years (transferred every month to the Social Insurance Fund and depends on the salary of the person for whom care leave is issued);
  • the care allowance from 3 to 7 years (for low-income families with income for each subsistence minimum) in 2020 will be about 5,500 rubles, but from 2021 it may increase to 12,000 rubles.

In addition, for the birth of a second child, each mother can receive a certificate for maternity capital. The certificate is equivalent to the amount of 453,026 rubles. You can spend it, as before, on:

  • future pension;
  • teaching children;
  • buying an apartment or building a house;
  • mortgage repayment.

Since 2019, families whose income per person does not exceed 1.5 times the subsistence level have the opportunity to receive cash from maternity capital.

Monthly payments are made only until the child turns 3 years old. The amount of the benefit depends on the subject of the Russian Federation and is equal to the child’s subsistence level. The government plans to increase the number of families eligible for such payments. From January 1, 2020, payments will be received by families with an income of no more than two subsistence minimums.

For families whose first child was born after January 1, 2018, there is also a monthly benefit program.

In this case, payments are made from the state treasury. Only families in need can count on help. In 2020, families with an average per capita income of no more than 2 times the subsistence level will be able to apply for the “Putin” benefit for their first child. These benefits are paid in addition to the usual payments at the place of work of the mother or father.

In addition to federal compensation, in some regions the authorities provide other payments for the birth of children. For example, in the Lipetsk region, large families receive monetary compensation for the purchase of a cow in the amount of 50 thousand rubles.

In the Novgorod region, women who give birth to their first child before the age of 29 receive additional support of 100 thousand rubles from the regional budget. The authorities of the Tver region decided to support young parents with a lump sum payment for partial repayment of the mortgage.

Families who purchased housing using mortgage funds will be able to receive two hundred thousand rubles. The program applies to families where one of the spouses is not older than 25 years.

Adoptive family: payments

Despite the upcoming changes regarding the rules for accepting children into foster families, the amount of payments due to parents in 2020-2021 will remain virtually unchanged. They will only be indexed. But at the same time, the number of families who will be able to benefit from assistance from the state will be increased.

What payments are due to foster families?

There are 2 options for formalizing the relationship between adoptive parents and children. In the first case, the child becomes a member of the family and adults have all the rights of biological parents. This also applies to payments, as well as other assistance from the state.

Adoptive parents can count on a one-time adoption benefit. Its size in 2020 and January 2021 will be 18,143.96 rubles. for each child. If the ward is disabled, then this amount increases to 138,634.62 rubles.

Payments are indexed annually from February 1. The exact size of the increase depends on the level of inflation. For 2020, a coefficient of 1.038 is applied.

Maternity capital is also provided for the second child in the family. According to the latest news, for the first time since 2015, its amount has been indexed. From January 1, 220, the certificate provides the right to an amount of 466,617 rubles.

If an infant under 90 days of age was adopted, the adoptive parents have the right to maternity leave.

The leave lasts 70 days (100 days if several children are adopted at the same time) and is paid based on the average salary for the previous 2 years.

Read also: Going to school without residence permit or registration: how to arrange it and how to get there

Monthly payments are 40% of the average official income for the past 2 years. However, the exact amount of benefits varies depending on the age of the adopted child:

AgeMinimum amount, rubles Up to 1.5 years (first child in the family) 4850 Up to 1.5 years (second and subsequent children in the family) 6800 Up to 6-7 years (depending on the region) 6800 Up to adulthood 7700

In 2020, the upper limit was increased to double the subsistence level and amounted to 27,984.66 rubles. In addition, parents have the right to additional payments from local authorities. However, their number and size depend on the decision of regional authorities. Therefore, this issue needs to be clarified with the social protection authorities.

Payments to guardians

Another option for registering a foster child involves some kind of contract between the guardian and the state. Raising an orphan is considered officially paid work. However, no other payments are provided in this case, and the matured pupil does not have any obligations to the adoptive parents. Salary amount:

Age of the child Number of children in the family 1-2 3 or more Up to 12 years 16500 19800 12-18 years 22000 25300

Additionally, the state provides assistance for the purchase of furniture, clothing and stationery. However, its availability depends on the policy of regional authorities. Therefore, depending on where you live, there may be significant changes in the amount of payments.

Tax benefits

In addition to direct financial assistance, the state offers other forms of support for families with adopted children. In particular, parents have the right to reduce the tax base when submitting reports to the Federal Tax Service up to the annual income limit of 355,000 rubles.

Number of children Amount of tax deduction, rubles 2020-02-01 00:00:00 1400 3 and more 3000

If the guardian is raising children alone or the second parent has waived his rights to a tax deduction, then its amount doubles to 2800 rubles. and 6000 rub. respectively. For raising disabled children, an additional deduction of 6,000 rubles is provided. It is summed up with the main amount and can also be doubled.

For disabled parents, guardianship is calculated as work experience, which affects the size of the pension.

Social help

Regional measures to support families with adopted children may include a wide range of additional benefits. Their number depends entirely on local authorities, and the most common are:

  • lower prices for purchasing food or issuing rations;
  • compensation for housing and communal services;
  • preferential queue for admission to preschool educational institutions and universities;
  • discounts on kindergarten fees and school meals;
  • reimbursement of expenses for children's recreational activities within the established amount;
  • free provision of funds for the rehabilitation of adopted children with disabilities.

Another significant benefit is simplified mortgage lending conditions. Additionally, guardians have the right to receive priority land plots for the construction of housing.

Where can I apply for payments and benefits?

The main document that is necessary to accrue any form of assistance from the state is an agreement between guardians and guardianship authorities. As for the direct registration of benefits and benefits, the most effective way is to contact the territorial social protection authority. Local experts will suggest the necessary list of documents that need to be collected.

In the future, you can apply for payments through the MFC or the State Services portal. The official registration period is 10 days. But it is counted only from the moment the entire package of documents has been collected. Therefore, if you need to submit requests to other regions, you will have to wait up to 2-3 months for a response.

Maternity leave

The demographic situation in the country leaves much to be desired. Population growth is mainly due to migration, rather than the birth of new members of society. Russia has adopted the “Demography” project, which includes a number of measures aimed at stimulating an increase in the birth rate in the country.

New law to increase the birth rate in Russia

A new law aimed at increasing the birth rate in the country has been submitted to the State Duma. It involves an increase in the benefit that is currently paid monthly for a newborn baby. Previously, this was the amount of fifty rubles.

Now they want to increase it to ten thousand rubles. They also want to increase the standard of living of families to whom this benefit will be paid to two subsistence levels. Previously, the limit was one and a half levels.

Many families who previously did not fall under its jurisdiction will be able to receive this benefit.

What payments and how many days are considered maternity leave?

Maternity leave (MA) usually includes three periods:

  • prenatal period;
  • postpartum period;
  • child care time.

Mothers are issued a sick leave certificate for the prenatal and postpartum period, and then are issued prenatal care for a baby up to 3 years old. In 2020, a certain number of days are allocated for different periods:

  • If the pregnancy proceeds without complications, then 70 days are allotted for the prenatal period, and the same number of days are allotted for the postpartum period. In total this will be 140 days;
  • if the birth was difficult, then 86 days are allocated for the postpartum period and 70 for the prenatal period. A total of 156 days;
  • In case of multiple pregnancy, a woman is entitled to sick leave for 84 days prenatal and 110 days postpartum. A total of 194 days;
  • adoptive parents of one/two children are entitled to 70/110 days of maternity leave, respectively.

Payments to a non-working mother

Registration of prenatal, postpartum periods, as well as pre-baby care is accompanied by the payment of benefits. It should be noted that for a non-working mother, all these payments are tied to the minimum wage. The good news may be that D.

Medvedev noted in his speeches that the minimum wage needs to be brought to the subsistence level (LM) in the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. Now the monthly average in Moscow is 18,781 thousand rubles. This is significantly more than in other regions.

The national average is 11.28 thousand rubles.

Payments to working mothers

A working mother is paid a monthly allowance for caring for a baby up to the age of one and a half years at an estimated amount of forty percent of her average income. There are restrictions. Its maximum value will be 26.1523 thousand rubles in 2019.

Sick leave for the prenatal and postpartum periods is calculated at one hundred percent, but cannot exceed 65,416.6 rubles in 2019. In 2020, this value will increase by another four thousand rubles.

One-time financial assistance for adoptive parents and those who gave birth to a baby

Additional financial support is provided:

  • mothers who are registered with a military personnel (24,500 rubles);
  • female students, employed, unemployed (17,370 rubles);
  • adoptive parents of a healthy baby (15,500 rubles);
  • adoptive parents of two children or a child over 7 years old, or one disabled child (128,930 rubles).

New legislation on benefits for 1st child

In 2019, the state plans new additional payments for the adoption (birth) of the first child. This financial assistance from the state will be monthly until the baby reaches 1.5 years old.

This form of financial support from the state is aimed at stimulating the birth rate and is part of the Demography project. The average amount of this benefit will be 10,840 rubles in 2019, and 11,140 rubles in 2020. In each subject of the Russian Federation, the amount of the benefit will be calculated individually and, as a result, its value should correspond to the value of the child’s minimum life expectancy in a given region.

Families in which the average per capita income does not exceed one and a half monthly minimum will be able to apply for this benefit. The State Duma has currently introduced an amendment to the law, which is still under consideration. It proposes that the average income should not exceed twice the minimum monthly wage. Currently in Moscow, this benefit will be accrued if the income of a family of three does not exceed 84,339 rubles.

To implement this initiative, funds have been allocated from the special Reserve Fund of the President of the Russian Federation in the amount of 144.5 billion rubles.

Benefits for preschool education

Currently, maternity benefits have been maintained at the previous year's level. In 62 subjects of the federation, which have particularly low birth rates, benefits have been introduced for the third and subsequent children.

They are paid to mothers for their children until they reach 1.5 years of age. Benefits are paid in the amount of the minimum monthly wage in a given subject of the Russian Federation per child.

For the first child, benefits are paid from the federal budget, for the second and subsequent children - from MSC funds.

Maximum and minimum benefit amounts

The calculation period, which is taken to calculate the average daily earnings of a woman going on maternity leave, is the two previous calendar years (the years were not high, therefore 730 days). For this period, only those payments for which compulsory medical insurance contributions were calculated are taken into account.

A woman's average daily income is limited by maximum and minimum values. In 2019 it is:

  • Maximum – 21.5069 thousand rubles.
  • Minimum – 370.85 rubles.

Read also: How to apply for child support if the parents were not married, and there is a dash in the father column

Using these values, you can calculate the maximum and minimum payout amounts:

  • For normal childbirth (140 days) - no less than 51,919 thousand rubles. and no more than 301.0966 thousand rubles.
  • For premature birth (156 days) no less than 57.8526 thousand rubles, no more than 335.50764 thousand rubles.
  • For multiple pregnancy (194 days) no less than 71.9449 thousand rubles. no more than 417.23385 thousand rubles.

Upon completion of sick leave for pregnancy and childbirth, a woman or man, or any other family member, can apply for additional care to care for the baby until he is one and a half years old.

Such leave is also available to men if he has less income than a woman and agrees to look after the child. This benefit is calculated based on the average daily earnings of a woman or man.

It is forty percent of its value.

In order to improve population growth, a payment for the third and subsequent children was introduced in 62 regions. This program is financed by the federal budget of the Russian Federation. The amount of the benefit is determined by the level of the child's minimum wage in a particular subject of the Russian Federation.

“Putin’s” funds from the federal budget are paid only to those families whose SD per family member is not higher than one and a half times the minimum wage established in a given subject of the Russian Federation. They are paid:

  • upon adoption (birth) of the 1st child;
  • upon adoption (birth) of a 2nd child at the expense of MSC funds.

This type of benefit applies only to children who were added to the family from January 1, 2018.

Benefits for a second child

The birth of a second child is invariably a joyful event in the family, with which new worries and troubles arise, including financial ones.

The state can provide considerable support to parents in this matter, which in recent years has been stimulating the birth rate in every possible way, introducing new benefits and annually indexing existing benefits.

The pace of updating the regulatory framework in this area is so high that sometimes future and existing parents, with the onset of each new calendar year, simply get lost in the flow of complex and confusing information.

What benefits does the state provide for a second child in 2020, will their amount change from January 1? What payments exist in the regions of Russia and who is entitled to them? This article will help resolve these issues, taking into account the changes in 2020.

What changes in child benefits did V. Putin promise from 2020?

On January 15, 2020, Russian President Vladimir Putin addressed the Federal Assembly with an Address, in which he focused on issues of social policy of the state.

According to him, the successful future of our country is unthinkable without its citizens, but the reality is that Russia has entered a difficult demographic period, and a small generation of children of the 90s is of childbearing age.

In those difficult years, most families had one child, so despite the emerging increase in the birth rate, it is necessary to continue to financially support the birth of children in young families, not only with the second or third child, but also with the first.

Monthly payments for children from three to seven years old

In his Address, the President focused on the financial situation of families with children aged 3 to 7 years. State assistance is designed for the first three years after the baby is born.

In the future, the family is left alone with financial difficulties, and even if the mother goes to work, she is forced to sit on sick leave for weeks, since the children often get sick. As a result, household income continues to remain low, but as of January 1, 2020, this situation needs to change.

If the income for each family member is below one subsistence level (ML), a benefit in the amount of half the subsistence level must be paid. It is necessary to simplify the process of applying for this type of financial assistance as much as possible. It is best if this requires only a certificate of income and an application from a citizen applying for a cash payment.

Since the income situation in some families is extremely difficult, the President proposed increasing the amount of the subsidy for a child after 3 years to 1 PM if the family remains in need of assistance next year.

The amount of benefit for a child from 3 to 7 years old, based on the federal subsistence level, will be 5.5 thousand rubles in the first year or more than 11 thousand in subsequent years if the family income continues to remain low. The payment amount will be different in each region.

Maternal capital

According to the President’s proposal, mat capital will be paid not only with the birth of the second child in the family, but also for the first child, and from the beginning of this year. The amount will be the same as in the certificate for the second child now - 466,617 rubles. To continue to stimulate the birth of subsequent children, the size of mat capital V. Putin proposed increasing by 150,000 rubles.

At the initiative of the President, the amount of maternity capital in a family with a second and subsequent children will increase to 616,617 rubles.

Since the country continues to remain in a difficult demographic situation, the maternity capital program cannot be completed on December 31, 2021; it must be extended for another 5 years - until 2026.

The President did not forget to mention families with three children. They will have the opportunity to repay the mortgage loan or part of it, and for those who are just going to apply for it, a preferential lending rate is provided.

What payments are due at the birth of a second child?

All the changes that the President promised have not yet come into force, but there is no doubt that when this happens, comprehensive measures to support motherhood and childhood will become the most significant in the entire history of Russia. Most of these measures are, of course, aimed at combating the decline in income of families who decide to have a child, and they are really necessary and useful for especially vulnerable segments of the population.

In the meantime, let’s look at those benefits that are already enshrined in law. The list of child benefits for the 2nd child provided at the federal level has decreased compared to 2019 - the compensation payment for a child under 3 years of age has been cancelled. The list of all other subsidies from the state has so far remained unchanged.

Even before the beginning of 2020, the circle of potential recipients of presidential payments was expanded and their duration was extended until the child is three years old. The most pleasant news for parents planning the birth of a second child in the new year is the long-awaited indexation of maternity capital.

There will also be a traditional increase in the amount of child benefits.

All state cash payments for the birth of a second child are divided into one-time and monthly payments. Let's look at each of these groups in more detail.

One-time payments

As the name suggests, the money relying on the baby is paid one-time and given for different purposes.

Financial assistance encourages the expectant mother to start monitoring the progress of her pregnancy earlier; with the money received for the birth of a child, you can buy many things necessary for a newborn, and paid sick leave during the prenatal and postpartum period will not leave the new mother without a livelihood. Maternal family capital is also one-time in nature.

Maternity benefits (maternity benefits)

The mother of the child or the adoptive mother can count on this benefit. The age of the baby taken into the family should not be more than 3 months. The size and place of payment will depend on the status of the recipient of financial assistance (at the place of service, work, registration, study), which, according to the law, she can receive after ten calendar days from the date of submission of documents.

In case of illness, injury of a woman and some other circumstances (not dependent on her) that led to dismissal, maternity benefits may be accrued within a month after dismissal.

  • Working women. Subject to official employment, maternity leave from a permanent place of work and wages above the minimum wage (minimum wage), the payment will be 100% of the average daily earnings for two years before the year of maternity leave, multiplied by the number of vacation days. The amount of payments is presented in the table.
  • Officially unemployed (certain categories). If a woman was dismissed by her employer due to the liquidation of the enterprise, then over the next 12 months she can count on benefits. It is paid after contacting the local social welfare authorities ten calendar days from the date of submission of the relevant documents.

The benefit amount at the beginning of 2020 was not indexed. As in 2019, its size is 655 rubles 49 kopecks. From 02/01/2020 - 680 rubles 40 kopecks per month.

  • Full-time students. Assistance is paid at the dean's office of the educational institution in the amount of a monthly stipend


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